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Indonesia Goes to FoLU Net Carbon Sink 2030

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FoLU or forestry and other land use which was popularized by the Minister of Environment and Forestry, Siti Nurbaya Bakar, is defined as forestry and land use. FoLU is indicated to be the largest sector in influencing climate change. Forests play an important role in the global carbon cycle as a means to capture and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This allows the forest to function in an effort to avoid greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to stabilize climate change [1].

practical efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change by individual acts or political measures
Climate Action

Photo by Filmbetrachter on Pixabay [6]

What is a carbon net sink? A carbon net sink is an absorption of more carbon from the atmosphere than it releases. Meanwhile, FoLU Net Carbon Sink means a situation when the forest use sector can absorb more carbon than it releases [2].

Indonesia's commitment to the FoLU Net Carbon Sink 2030 is part of Indonesia's strategy to ensure the achievement of global goals by restraining the increase in the earth's temperature below 1.5°C and becoming a guide in carrying out mitigation and adaptation actions to climate change. A condition where the absorption level is already balanced or even higher than the emission level of the related sector in 2030 [3].

By 2030, all sectors will reach their peak emissions. However, at the same time, Indonesia will achieve net carbon sequestration of the FoLU sector. From the emission target of 29% in 2030 stated in the NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution), the forestry and land sector must reduce emissions by 17%, and energy by 11% [4].

To achieve the 2030 FoLU net sink, the Indonesian government has prepared several strategies, including restoration of 2 million hectares of peat swamp by 2030, reforestation, promoting sustainable forest management through business permits, and preventing deforestation and land and forest degradation. It is projected that the FoLU sector will contribute almost 60% of the total GHG emission reduction target that Indonesia wants to achieve [5].

Despite the clear distinction between fossil and forest carbon, planting trees or reducing deforestation is still advisable because it equates to reducing emissions from burning fossil fuels.


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